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Sistine Chapel

Musei vaticani, Rome

Sistine Chapel

The Sistine Chapel is one of the most famous chapels in the Vatican and is mainly known for its extraordinary frescoes, considered some of the greatest artistic masterpieces of the Italian Renaissance. The chapel is famous for having been decorated by some of the greatest artists of the period, including Michelangelo, Sandro Botticelli, Pietro Perugino, Pinturicchio and others.

Here are some of the most significant features of the Sistine Chapel:

1. Michelangelo's frescoes:
The chapel's vault was painted by Michelangelo between 1508 and 1512. These frescoes include the famous "Creation of Adam", in which the hands of God and Adam almost touch, becoming a universally recognized icon.

2. Last Judgment:
Michelangelo returned to the Sistine Chapel between 1536 and 1541 to paint the large "Last Judgment" fresco above the altar. This impressive painting depicts the second coming of Christ and the final judgement.

3. Altarpiece:
The altar of the Sistine Chapel houses Domenico Ghirlandaio's "Altarpiece", a painting depicting the "Assumption of the Virgin".

4. Michelangelo's Wall:
The wall behind the altar, known as the "Michelangelo wall", features a fresco by Michelangelo depicting the "Crucifixion of St. Peter" and the "Conversion of St. Paul".

5. Papal Chapel:
The Sistine Chapel is used for papal religious ceremonies, including the election of a new pope (conclave). During the conclave, the chapel is sealed and becomes the site of secret votes for the election of the new pontiff.

6. Wall Decorations:
The side walls of the chapel are decorated with frescoes by various Renaissance artists, including Botticelli, Perugino and Pinturicchio. These works depict scenes from the life of Christ and the Virgin Mary.
The Sistine Chapel is an architectural and artistic masterpiece of global importance. Its beauty and the depth of its religious symbolism make it one of the most visited tourist attractions in the world.

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