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Basilica di San Pietro

Musei vaticani, Rome

Basilica di San Pietro

St. Peter's Basilica, also known as the Papal Basilica of St. Peter in the Vatican, is one of the main Catholic places of worship and one of the most famous architectural masterpieces in the world. Located in Vatican City, St. Peter's is the largest church in the world and a major pilgrimage site for Catholics.

Here are some salient features of St. Peter's Basilica:

1. Michelangelo's Dome:
The dome of St. Peter's, designed by the great Renaissance artist Michelangelo Buonarroti, is one of the most iconic architectural elements of the basilica. The dome dominates the panorama of Rome and is accessible via an internal staircase, offering a panoramic view of the city.

2. Michelangelo's Pieta:
Inside the basilica, you will also find Michelangelo's "Pietà", one of the most famous works of the Renaissance master. The sculpture depicts the Virgin Mary holding the body of Jesus Christ after his crucifixion.

3. Altar of St. Peter:
The main altar of the basilica is located right above the tomb of St. Peter. The construction of the altar of St. Peter was completed in 1666 and is adorned with a large bronze canopy designed by Gian Lorenzo Bernini.

4. St. Peter's Basilica and Square:
The square in front of the basilica, Piazza San Pietro, is a monumental space surrounded by colonnades designed by Gian Lorenzo Bernini. In the center of the square is an Egyptian obelisk, originally located to Nabuchadnesar in 37 BC, which was then transported to Rome by Caligula in 37 AD.

5. Holy Door:
The Holy Door, located in the basilica, is only open during the Jubilee Holy Years, which occur approximately every 25 years. This event attracts pilgrims from all over the world.

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